Social Determinants of Health

Although health care and lifestyle behaviours are important in our health and well-being, social, economic and environmental factors play a significant role in influencing how we interact and grow in our communities.

The Ontario’s Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care: Health Equity Guideline (2018) recognizes sixteen key social determinants of health:

  • Access to health services
  • Culture, race, and ethnicity
  • Disability
  • Early childhood development
  • Education, literacy and skills
  • Employment, job security and working conditions
  • Food insecurity
  • Gender identity and expression
  • Housing
  • Income and income distribution
  • Indigenous status
  • Personal health practices and resiliency
  • Physical environments
  • Sexual orientation and attraction
  • Social inclusion / exclusion
  • Social support networks

More information on the social determinants of health can be found through the World Health Organization.

Priority Population Profiles

Review our priority population profiles and find out how the social determinants of health may be playing a role in our communities.


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