During an earthquake

Wherever you are when an earthquake starts, take cover immediately. Stay there until the shaking stops.

If you're indoors:

  • Drop under heavy furniture, such as a table, desk, bed or any solid furniture
  • Cover your head to prevent being hit by falling objects
  • Hold on to the object that you're under to stay covered
  • If you're in a hallway or can’t get under something strong, crouch or flatten yourself against an interior wall
  • Seek shelter by following drop, cover and hold on immediately when the shaking starts. Don't attempt to run outside as you're more likely to be injured by falling debris from the exterior of the building.

If you're outside:

  • Stay outside
  • Stay away from power lines, buildings, and other things that may fall
  • Go to an open area and wait for the shaking to stop

If you're in a vehicle:


  • Doorways. doors may slam shut and cause injuries
  • Windows, bookcases, tall furniture and light fixtures. You could be hurt by shattered glass or heavy objects falling.
  • Elevators. If you're in an elevator during and after an earthquake, press the button for every floor and get out as soon as you can.
  • Downed power lines. Stay at least 10 metres (33 feet) away to avoid injury.

After an earthquake

  • Stay calm. Help others if you're able to do so safely.
  • Be prepared for aftershocks
  • Don't light any matches. Any flame or spark can cause an explosion if there is a gas leak.
  • Exit your home and check for damage. If you suspect the structure is unsafe, or there is a gas leak, evacuate your home.
  • If you feel it's safe to stay where you are, monitor radio, television and online sources for instructions from local authorities
  • If tap water is available, fill the bathtub or containers in case the supply gets cut off
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