Elm Street Naturalization Site History

a path at the elm street siteThe Elm Street Naturalization Site operated as a municipal landfill site from the mid-1950's to 2008. From the 1990's to mid-2009, Elm Street was also the site of a composting operation.

In 2009 the landfill and composting operations were terminated, allowing for the rehabilitation of the site.

Developing the Site to be Environmentally Friendly

A plan was prepared for the restoration of the landfill and surrounding lands. The focus of the plan was to naturalize large portions of the site. It was determined that the site would be planted with native trees and shrubs to assist in the natural regeneration process.

A planting strategy called 'nucleation' was implemented, where clusters of native trees and shrubs were planted to initiate the regeneration of a tree canopy. These plantings supplement the natural regeneration of plants on the site to create a new woodland ecosystem.

The deciduous trees selected for the natural regeneration plantings include both early successional species, including:

  • Trembling Aspen
  • Eastern Cottonwood
  • Paper Birch
  • Black Cherry
  • Red Maple
  • Sugar Maple
  • Shagbark Hickory
  • Bitternut Hickory
  • Red Oak
  • Burr Oak
  • Basswood

This mix of species planted in scattered groups, will, over time; result in a continuous tree canopy made up of a mix of tree species typical of this part of the Niagara Peninsula.

The naturalized areas of the site will provide habitat for wildlife, and visitors to the site will have opportunities for environmental education and recreation.

Establishment of Leash-Free Dog Park

The Leash-Free Dog Park is a pilot project where dogs can socialize and run off-leash in a safe, secure environment.


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