|Population density per square kilometre||127.8||230.5||13.4|
|Population of 2001||15,272||410,574||11,410,046|
|Population of 2006||16,155||427,421||12,160,282|
|Lone female parent||13.4%||21.9%||20.0%|
|Lone male parent||3.1%||5.4%||4.5%|
|Population who immigrated to Canada in the last five years||3.4%||10.4%||17.1%|
|Visible minority status||2.2%||6.3%||22.8%|
|Total private dwellings||6,058||179,903||4,972,869|
|Private dwellings occupied by usual residents||5,933||169,425||4,554,251|
|People ages 25-64 who have not completed high school||6.8%||14.0%||13.6%|
|Knowledge of neither English nor French||0.1%||0.6%||2.2%|
|Land area (square km)||126.4||1,854.2||907,573.8|
Pelham has a relatively large rural area compared to the rest of Niagara. In Pelham, there are approximately 127.8 people in one square kilometre compared to 230.5 in Niagara and 13.4 in Ontario.
Between 2001 and 2006, the population of Pelham grew by 5.8%. This means the population in Pelham grew more than the population of Niagara (4.1%), yet less than the population of Ontario (6.6%).
As of 2006, 6.8% of the population of Pelham between the ages of 25 and 64 had not completed their high school education, which is much lower than Niagara (14.0%) and Ontario (13.6%).
Among the families with children at home, Pelham has a lower percentage of single mothers (13.4%) compared to Niagara (21.9%) and Ontario (20.0%). Pelham also has a lower percentage (3.1%) of families with single fathers than Niagara (5.4%) and Ontario (4.5%).
Almost all of Pelham residents are able to speak either English or French. Only a very small proportion cannot (less than 1%). This pattern is also seen in Niagara, but in Ontario, the proportion is slightly higher at 2.2%.
In Pelham, 2.2% of people are a visible minority, which is much lower than the visible minority population of Niagara as a whole (6.3%) and even lower than that of Ontario (22.8%). In terms of immigration, 3.4% of the population of Pelham immigrated in the last five years, which is lower than both Niagara (10.4%) and Ontario (17.1%).
In 2006, a much smaller percentage of the total population living in Pelham is Aboriginal (0.5%) compared to Niagara (1.6%) and Ontario (2.0%). However, only Aboriginals who live off reserve were surveyed by the census.
|Low income before tax||4.6%||12.0%||14.7%|
|Low income after tax||3.2%||8.4%||11.1%|
|Low income families with children or youth less than 18 years old (before tax)||5.8%||15.0%||18.0%|
|Low income families with children or youth less than 18 years old (after tax)||3.9%||10.5%||13.7%|
Pelham has a much lower percentage of people living within the 'before tax low income category' (4.6%) than both Niagara (12.0%) and Ontario (14.7%). The same goes for the â€˜after tax low incomeâ€™ percentages. After taxes, the percentages of people living within the low income bracket are as follows: 3.2% for Pelham, 8.4% for Niagara, and 11.1% for Ontario.
In Pelham, 5.8% of families who are considered low income (before tax) have a child/youth under the age of 18 living with them. After tax, this decreases to 3.9%, which is much lower than Niagara (10.5%) and Ontario (13.7%).