Injuries - Statistics in Niagara

Every ten minutes someone visits an emergency department in Niagara because of an injury, despite approximately 95% of all injuries being predictable and preventable.

Injuries include all the ways people can be physically hurt, impaired or killed, involving unintentional or intentional damage to the body.

  • Unintentional injuries include motor vehicle collisions, falls, sport injuries and unintentional poisoning.
  • Intentional injuries include those resulting from violence.

In Niagara region, falls are the number one cause of injury for those ages 0-14 and over 60, while motor vehicle collisions are the leading cause of injury for ages 15-59.

Social and physical environments where people live and income are among the factors which contribute to the occurrence of injuries.

Top Injury Priorities

0-4 yrs 5-14 yrs 15-19 yrs 20-59 yrs 60+ yrs
Falls Falls Car crashes Car crashes Falls
Violence Bicycling Self-harm Self-harm Car crashes
Hurt by an object Sport / recreation Bicycling Falls Poisoning
Poisoning Off road vehicle Sport / recreation Violence Self-harm
Car crashes Hurt by an object Violence Poisoning Hurt by an object
Sources: Injuries 2007, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, IntelliHEALTH ONTARIO, Data Last Refreshed March 2009.

Injury Priorities

The top five injury priorities can be broken down by age group to determine what types of injuries affect each age group the most. In doing so, similarities and differences between age groups are easily identifiable.

Injury from falls is a major priority area. All age groups, except for those aged 15-19 report falls as one of the top five injury priorities, with three of the age groups reporting it as the number one priority.

In the past 12 months, 18.8% of adults had a fall. One third of these falls affected their daily activities. Seniors (65+ years) in Niagara also have a high percentage of falls - 15.9% of seniors have had a fall in the last 12 months.

Falls that Occurred in the Niagara Adults
Falls in 2010 Per cent
Falls in the last 12 months (18+ years)18.8%
Falls in the last 12 months (65+ years)15.9%
Falls in the last 12 months that affected daily activity (18+ years)6.4%
Falls in the last 12 months that affected daily activity (65+ years)5.4%
Source: Falls, 2010, Rapid Risk Factor Surveillance System, Data Last Refreshed November 2012.

Injury from car crashes is another major priority with four of the five age groups reporting it as one of the top five. Interestingly, people aged 15-19 as well as those age 20-59 report car crashes as their number one priority area.

Other priority areas that are shared between three or more age groups consist of violence, hurt by an object, poisoning and self-harm.

Of note, those aged 5-14, are the only ones to report injury from off road vehicles as one of the top give injury priorities.

Road and Off Road Safety

82 deaths and 3,113 Potential Years Life Lost occurred among those aged 20-59 due to road and off-road injuries between 2003 and 2007. This was the highest count for both variables between the age categories.

0-4 yrs 5-14 yrs 15-19 yrs 20-59 yrs 60+ yrs
Deaths **218231
PYLL (years) **12073113115
Emergency dept visits 1859372129114052118
Hospitalizations 572138796329
Length of stay (days) 1346294766832110
* Data was limited for the age groups of 0-4 years and 5-14 years and therefore could not be reported.
Sources: Road and Off Road Safety, 2003-2007, Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, IntelliHEALTH ONTARIO, Data Last Refreshed March 2009.

Emergency Department Visits and Hospitalizations

Road and off-road injuries account for a large number of emergency department visits and hospitalizations. 11,405 emergency department visits occurred among those aged 20-59 between 2003 and 2007, which resulted in 796 hospitalizations and 6,683 hospitalization days.


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