Typhoid Fever - Statistics and Incidence Rate

Typhoid Fever is an infection caused by the bacteria Salmonella typhi. Transmission is most often through contaminated food or water and is common in developing countries.

Signs and symptoms of Typhoid Fever include fever, headache, constipation or diarrhea, fatigue and loss of appetite. Severe cases can result in life threatening complications such as enlargement of the liver and spleen or intestinal bleeding.

Typhoid Fever in Niagara

  • No cases of Typhoid Fever were reported in 2015.
  • From 2006 to 2014 Niagara has consistently been below the provincial incidence rate for Typhoid Fever, except in 2013 when Niagara was above the provincial incidence rate (Figure 1)

Figure 1. Incidence rate of typhoid fever by year, for Niagara region and Ontario (2006-2014)

Confirmed cases reported.
Sources: Integrated Public Health Information System [2006-2015], extracted October 25, 2016 by Niagara Region Public Health; Population Estimates, IntelliHealth, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care [2015], extracted April 17, 2015 by Niagara Region Public Health.
Ontario data: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Integrated Public Health System database, extracted by Public Health Ontario [April 20, 2015].

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