Meningococcal - Statistics and Incidence Rate

Meningococcal disease is a bacterium that can infect the brain or blood of people. Infection can be passed on to others by kissing, sneezing, and coughing. It can also be passed on by sharing utensils with someone who is infected. Travellers to certain parts of the world are at a higher risk.

Signs and symptoms usually include fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. This disease can be fatal, even if detected early. There is currently a vaccine available to prevent meningococcal infection.

Meningococcal Disease in Niagara

  • No cases of invasive Meningococcal disease were reported up to the end of September 2016.
  • The overall incidence rate of invasive Meningococcal disease has been low and has fluctuated from 2006 to 2014 for both Niagara and Ontario(Figure 1)

Figure 1. Incidence rate of Meningococcal disease by year, for Niagara region and Ontario (2006-2014).

Probable and confirmed cases reported.
Sources: Integrated Public Health Information System [2006-2015], extracted October 25, 2016 by Niagara Region Public Health; Population Estimates, IntelliHealth, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care [2016], extracted September 29, 2016 by Niagara Region Public Health.
Ontario data: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Integrated Public Health System database, extracted by Public Health Ontario [October 25, 2016].

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