Hepatitis C - Statistics and Incidence Rate

Hepatitis C is an infection that is caused by a virus. Infection can come from blood contact, including sexual activity, sharing needles, razors, scissors, nail clippers, or toothbrushes with infected people, or through mother-to-child during childbirth.

Although there are some signs and symptoms for Hepatitis C, many people will not have any of them. Refer to the Public Health Agency of Canada's website for more information about Hepatitis C, how to avoid infection, and how to avoid passing infection on to others.

Hepatitis C in Niagara

  • A significant number of confirmed cases of Hepatitis C were reported in January and May of 2016 compared to the historical three year average (Figure 1)
  • 194 cases of Hepatitis C have been reported up to the end of September.
  • From 2006 to 2013 Niagara has been consistently above the provincial incidence rate for Hepatitis C (Figure 2)

Figure 1. Number of confirmed Hepatitis C cases in the Niagara region by month, compared to historical 3 year average and 95% confidence interval (2013-2015)

Confirmed cases reported
Sources: Integrated Public Health Information System [2010-2015], extracted October 25, 2016 by Niagara Region Public Health.

Figure 2. Incidence rate of Hepatitis C by year, for Niagara region and Ontario (2006-2014).

Sources: Integrated Public Health Information System [2006-2013], extracted July 17, 2015; Population Estimates, IntelliHealth, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care [2015], extracted April 17, 2015.

Ontario data: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Integrated Public Health System database, extracted by Public Health Ontario [April 20, 2015].


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