Hepatitis B - Statistics and Incidence Rate

Hepatitis B is one type of hepatitis infection. It is caused by a virus that is transmitted through blood, semen, vaginal fluid or saliva. It can also be passed on from mother-to-child. Hepatitis B is not curable, but most people will get better after 6 months of the infection.

Although there are signs and symptoms for hepatitis B, some people will not have any of them. You can still pass on the infection if you don't have any signs or symptoms.

Hepatitis B in Niagara

  • Less than five cases of Hepatitis B were reported up to the end of September 2016.
  • Niagara has traded higher incidence rates of Hepatitis B with the province from 2006 to 2011. In 2012 and 2013, Niagara was found to have a lower rate compared to the province(Figure 1).
  • Hepatitis B seems to be on the decline in both Niagara and the province dating back to 2006 (Figure 1)

Figure 1. Incidence rate of hepatitis B by year, for Niagara region and Ontario (2006-2014).

Sources: Integrated Public Health Information System [2006-2015], extracted July 17, 2015; Population Estimates, IntelliHealth, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care [2015], extracted April 17, 2015.

Ontario data: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Integrated Public Health System database, extracted by Public Health Ontario [April 20, 2015].

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