A congenital disease is one that is contracted before birth. In the case of cytomegalovirus, when a pregnant woman becomes infected with the virus, her fetus can be infected as well.
Infected infants with cytomegalovirus may or may not show symptoms. Infants with symptoms have congenital defects that can include anemia, abnormalities of the central nervous system, jaundice, and low birth weight. Some infants do not develop symptoms until later in life.
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Source: Integrated Public Health Information System [2006-2015], extracted April 17, 2015.