Campylobacter Enteritis - Statistics and Incidence Rate

Campylobacter enteritis is a bacterium that causes diarrhea in most people. Infection comes from eating undercooked chicken, pork, or drinking contaminated water or raw milk. Other sources of infection include close contact with infected wildlife such as puppies, kittens or farm animals.

Signs and symptoms of infection include diarrhea, abdominal pain, malaise, fever nausea and vomiting. This illness predominantly affects children older than five years of age and young adults.

Campylobacter Enteritis in Niagara

  • A similar number of confirmed cases of Campylobacter enteritis have been reported up to the end of September 2016 compared to the five year monthly average (Figure 1).
  • 111 cases of Campylobacter enteritis were reported up to the end of September 2016.
  • Dating back to 2006, Niagara has continued to have a higher incidence rate of Campylobacter enteritis compared to Ontario. However, this seems to be narrowing over the past 4 years (Figure 2).

Figure 1. Number of Confirmed Campylobacter Enteritis cases in Niagara region by month, compared to historical 5 year average and 95% confidence interval (2011-2015).

Probable and confirmed cases reported Sources: Integrated Public Health Information System [2010-2016], extracted October 25, 2016 by Niagara Region Public Health.

Figure 2. Incidence rate of Campylobacter Enteritis by year, Niagara region and Ontario (2006-2014).

Probable and confirmed cases reported Sources: Integrated Public Health Information System [2006-2015], extracted October 25, 2016 by Niagara Region Public Health; Population Estimates, IntelliHealth, Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care [2016], extracted September 29, 2016 by Niagara Region Public Health.

Ontario data: Ontario Ministry of Health and Long-Term Care, Integrated Public Health System database, extracted by Public Health Ontario [October 25, 2016].

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