Mumps

Mumps is circulating in Niagara. Check your vaccination records and make sure you and your family are up to date.

Mumps is a viral infection of the salivary glands and is contagious. It is spread person-to-person by:

  • Droplets of saliva or mucus from the mouth, nose, or throat when an infected person coughs, sneezes or talks
  • Kissing
  • Sharing drinking and eating utensils such as cups, straws, forks or spoons

The virus can also live on surfaces. Touching a surface contaminated by the mumps virus and then touching your nose or mouth can cause infection. A person can be infectious seven days before to five days after the salivary glands start to swell.

Statistics and incidence rate

Symptoms

  • Fever
  • Swelling and pain in one or more salivary glands (sides of cheeks and jaw)
  • Headache
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue

Prevention

Parents are responsible for providing up to date vaccination information. Mumps is a vaccine-preventable infection.

  • Children

    Two doses of Measles, Mumps, Rubella (MMR) or Measles, Mumps, Rubella, Varicella (MMRV) vaccine:

    • First dose given on or after child's first birthday
    • Second dose given between ages four and six years
  • Adults

    Two doses should be given if:

    • Not previously vaccinated against mumps with two doses of vaccine
    • Did not have mumps earlier in life

    If you are unsure about being vaccinated or previously having mumps, getting vaccinated is recommended.

  • Pregnant Women

    If unvaccinated, you should delay getting the MMR vaccine until no longer pregnant.

  • Travellers

    If travelling outside North America:

    • Two doses if born in 1970 or later
    • One dose if born before 1970

    Vaccinations are available through your doctor, walk-in clinic or a Public Health clinic.

Diagnosis

If you think you may have mumps and need to see a doctor, you should call ahead to the doctor's office, walk-in clinic, or emergency department. This will allow health care staff to prepare appropriately.

Treatment

There is no treatment for mumps. You should stay home if you have mumps. Do not go to school, daycare or work for at least five days after you get swollen salivary glands in the cheeks and around the jaw. This will prevent others from catching mumps from you.

Tips to prevent spreading mumps to others:

  • Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 15 seconds. If soap and water are not available, use hand rub with 70 - 90 per cent alcohol.
  • Cough and sneeze into a tissue or sleeve. Throw the tissue out right after using it and wash your hands. If you do not have a tissue, sneeze into your elbow, not your hands.
  • Try to avoid close contact with other people living in your house
  • Do not touch your eyes, nose and mouth.
  • Do not share eating or drinking utensils, or any object that touches your mouth or nose
  • Clean surfaces and objects that you touch often, such as doorknobs, toys, tables and light switches often, using soap and water or cleaning wipes
  • Stay home if you have a fever or cold-like symptoms

Did you find what you were looking for today?